Scroll down for a FREE, full color guide to Construction Materials, home improvements, architecture, and more.
This image-packed glossary introduces the equipment, tools, tips, techniques, structural components, and design elements involved in the construction of buildings, landscapes, and interior designs.
View this diverse selection of stunning architectural forms and elegant interiors.
Dream up your own ideas from this carefully curated collection of images with concise, instructional definitions.
Use this guide to help you decide which construction materials you need.
Once armed with the basic knowledge of construction terms and techniques, the possibilities are limited only by your imagination.
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Also see links to other Free Books by this author.
by Judee Shipman
RICHARDSON ROMANESQUE: A Neo Romanesque architectural style inspired by the designs of Henry Hobson Richardson. Distinguishing features may include turrets, bay windows, gables, and pillared, wraparound porches.
The construction materials used for this type of structure are typically stone and brick.
Shown below, this restored Richardson Romanesque house in Denver, Colorado, built in 1891, is now a Bed & Breakfast.
Above image credit: Pinterest.com
RIDGE: The convex junction where two sloping roof surfaces meet.
Above image credit: atlasroofing.com
RIDGE BOARD: A roof board onto which the rafters are attached. Also known as a ridge beam.
Above image credit: youtube.com
RIDGE SHINGLES: Curved shingles designed to cover the ridge of a roof.
Above image credit: wimsattdirect.com
RIFFLER: A tool that works as either a file or a rasp, depending on which side of it is used. Also see File and Rasp.
Above image credit: rlarson.com
RIM JOIST: A piece that is attached perpendicular to a joist for lateral support.
Above image credit: forums.anandtech.com
RING SHANK NAIL: A type of nail with rings engraved along the shank like a screw, but designed to be smacked with a hammer like a nail.
Above image credit: 123rf.com
RIP GUIDE: A device used for making precise cuts with a skill saw.
Above image credit: kregtool.com
RIPPER: A machine used for breaking up solid construction materials into smaller pieces.
Above image credit: rands.com
RIPPING CLAW HAMMER: A claw hammer designed for framing.
Above image credit: fine-tools.com
RIP SAW: A saw that cuts parallel to the grain of the wood. Also see Crosscut Saw.
Above image credit: youtube.com
RISE: 1) The vertical height of a stair, which should not exceed 8 inches. 2) The height of a sloped roof, from base to apex.
Above image credit: jlconline.com
Above image credit: inspectapedia.com
RISER: A vertically placed board that closes the space between two stair treads.
Above image credit: katiekime.com
RISER AND PANEL: The exterior vertical pipe (riser) and metal electric box (panel) that are installed by an electrician at the rough-in stage, before other construction materials are added.
Above image credit: yelp.com
RIVET: A permanent metal fastener that looks like a small, round-headed screw with a smooth shank.
Shown below, different types of rivets serve as construction materials for different types of jobs.
Above image credit: rivet.com
RIVETER: A tool used for applying rivets to hard materials.
Shown below, Rockwell's rendition of Rosie the Riveter, 1943.
Above image credit: totallyhistory.com
ROAD BASE: An aggregate mixture of sand and stone, often used as construction materials for building roads.
Above image credit: directsandandgravel.com.au
ROCOCO: An exquisitely designed, highly ornamental architectural style featuring many bright colors, the idea being to create the illusion of motion and drama in stationary structures.
The style first appeared in France and Italy during the early 18th century.
Above image credit: liveabout.com
ROLL FLOOR: To install construction materials such as floor joists or trusses in their correct positions.
Above image credit: constructionspecifier.com
ROLL ROOFING: Asphalt roofing construction materials manufactured in rolls that measure 3 feet wide, with 180 square feet per roll.
above image credit: houseunderconstruction.com
ROLL-UP DOOR: A door made of hinged horizontal slats, so it rolls up onto an overhead spool. Commonly seen on garages.
above image credit: wayne-dalton.com
ROMAN ARCHITECTURE: The style of architecture constructed in Ancient Rome between 753 BC and 663 AD. Some of the design elements were borrowed from Classical Greek architecture.
Above image credit: citywonders.com
ROMANESQUE: An architectural style of 11th century medieval Europe. The style is characterized by faceted turrets and semi circular arches, among other things.
Above image credit: wikipedia.org
ROMANESQUE REVIVAL: An architectural movement of the late 19th century. The arches and windows are somewhat more simplified than in the Romanesque style that inspired this movement.
Above image credit: designergirlee.wordpress.com
ROMAN OGEE BIT: A type of drill bit used with a router to manipulate construction materials such as wood.
above image credit: rockler.com
ROMEX: A name brand of a non metallic, sheathed electrical cable used for indoor wiring.
above image credit: homedepot.com
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