Look Here Right Now for a free introductory guide to Interior Design, Landscaping, Architecture, and more.
This complete, full color dictionary offers a basic introduction to the equipment, tools, techniques, and architectural components involved in construction, home design, gardening, landscaping, and more.
Dream up your own creative designs from this carefully curated collection of images.
View stunning kitchens, bathrooms, living rooms, bedrooms, magnificent gardens, classic architectural wonders, and more.
Use the information shown here to try out all your favorite interior design ideas.
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Also see links to other Free Books by this author.
by Judee Shipman
I-BEAM: A steel beam with an I-shaped cross-section, used over weight-bearing wall openings such as double garage doors, for instance. Similar to an H-beam.
Above image credit: improvisedlife.com
IGLOO: A shelter built of ice and snow. Less commonly known as a snow house. Modern igloos feature amenities, and some are even used as hotels.
Shown below, an igloo village in Austria.
Above image credit: monkeysandmountains.com
I-HOUSE: An architectural style that got its name from being most prominently displayed in the states of Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa. A typical I-house features a simple, symmetrical, two-story design.
Shown below, a restored I-House from 1850 in Bloomington, Indiana.
Above image credit: commons.wikimedia.org
I-JOIST: An I-shaped structural beam used in floors and rafters. I-joists are available in lengths of up to 60 feet.
Above image credit: lpcorp.com
IMPOST BLOCK: See Dosseret.
INCANDESCENT LAMP: A kind of metal filament lamp found in standard light bulbs, which are still a popular feature of interior design.
Above image credit: thinkoutsidein.com
INDIAN ARCHITECTURE: An architectural style which has been continually developing in India for the past 2,000 years or so.
The term encompasses a number of styles, such as Hindu Temple architecture and Indo-Islamic architecture. Even these styles are subdivided into smaller categories.
Shown below, an example of Indo-Islamic Indian architecture.
Above image credit: wikipedia.org
INDIAN VERANDA: An architectural style whose features include an open, rounded, wraparound porch at the front and sides of the building.
Above image credit: kiwicollection.com
INFILTRATION: The passage of air from indoors to outdoors and vice versa.
Above image credit: washingtonnature.org
IN-LAW UNIT: A legally separate, smaller, living space located on the same property as the main house. Legally known as an accessory dwelling unit, an in law can be either attached or detached.
Above image credit: progress-builders.com
INSIDE CORNER: The point at which two walls form an inner (concave) angle.
Above image credit: abacusquizbowl.com
INSULATING GLASS: See Dual Pane Window.
INSULATION BOARD: A structural building board made from coarse wood fiber.
Above image credit: youtube.com
INSULATION: Any material that resists heat penetration. Insulation is included in most interior design plans to keep the warm air in. Many materials can be used as insulation, such as foam, wood chips, fiberglass, and even dirt.
Above image credit: azcentral.com
INTERACTIVE ARCHITECTURE: Buildings infused with sensors, processors, and effectors, so that the resident literally interacts with the environment, and the environment responds accordingly.
Examples of interactive architecture include automatic doors, and lights designed to turn on and off as people come and go.
Also known as Intelligent Design, Interactive Architecture is part of a newer field of study called The Internet of Things.
Above image credit: marialorenalehman.com
INTERCOLUMNIATION: The width of spacing between the columns in a colonnade. Standard column placement styles are Araeostyle, Diastyle, Eustyle, Pycnostyle, and Systyle.
Above image credit: kolomka.com
INTERCOM: A system of speaker communication in and around a building.
Above image credit: visiplex.com
INTERIOR DESIGN: The colors, textures, placement, lighting, and general coherence of objects inside a room.
above: A modern interior design
image credit: collegeofcreativestudies.edu
above: A rustic interior design
image credit: lizryanddesign.com
Above: A natural interior design, featuring natural sunlight, unstained wood furniture, and eco-friendly upholstery in natural colors. In interior design circles, natural colors are referred to as ecru.
image credit: freshome.com
INTERIOR FINISH: Any material used for covering interior walls and ceilings.
Above image credit: andrewwatkins.com
INTERNATIONAL: An architectural style of the early 20th century, characterized by a stark, unadorned, utilitarian design.
Shown below, Crown Hall at the Illinois Institute of Technology.
Above image credit: virtuearchitects.com
IRON: A metallic chemical element. Iron is often used for interior design. Shown below, a wrought iron spiral staircase.
above image credit: torreswelding.com
IRRIGATION: Any watering system for grass, crops, and other plants.
above image credit: mvi.farm
ISABELLINE GOTHIC: A style of architecture that was most popular in Spain during the 15th and 16th centuries.
above image credit: 123rf.com
ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE: An architectural style that has been popular in Islamic countries since the late 7th century. Both the exterior and the interior design of Islamic architecture are so magnificent that several examples are shown below.
above image credit: depositphotos.com
above image credit: samwoolfe.com
above image credit: tourmadly.com
ITALIANTE: A classical architectural style of the early 19th century, mainly characterized by square shaped towers and rectangular design elements.
Shown below, an Italiante style villa in China.
above image credit: energysmarthomeplans.com
Chapter 28 (You Are Here)
RELATED ARCHITECTURAL LINKS
FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT Architecture and Interior Design