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Read Crazy Horse Appearing.
Shown below are the appendixes of the FREE full text version of the life story of the great Lakota Chief.
For the book's chapters and related info, visit the links at the bottom of this page.
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Crazy Horse Appearing is a contemporary award-winning novel, being presented as a gift from the sacred spirit of Crazy Horse.
Please enjoy this new life story of Crazy Horse, with freshly dug facts never before revealed, along with the ONLY fully authenticated picture of Crazy Horse known to exist.
Crazy Horse is my hero. I trust he will be your hero too.
The appendixes shown on this page include end notes to the book, a language glossary, and recommended reading.
by Judee Shipman
1 - Crazy Horse had to have been born in the fall of 1843. His natural mother died the following year. To see why Crazy Horse could not have been born any earlier, see note 9 and note 14.
2 - According to their travel journals, Lewis & Clark met Chief Black Bull in 1804. Relations between the two groups were tense at best. The tobacco story is true.
3 - The names of Waglula's three wives were obtained from Donovin Sprague, a grandson of High-Back-Bone (a.k.a. “Hump”). Hump was a first cousin to Crazy Horse.
4 - The suicide of Crazy Horse's mother was first mentioned in print by Kingsley Bray. Lakota oral history has it that Rattle-Blanket-Woman was upset by the three new wives her husband brought home.
5 - The Oglala Winter count calendar for that year mentions the transgendered Absaroka.
6 - Waglula is known to have disappeared for four years, then returned to his wives and son.
7 - Mentioned in the Lakota Winter Count calendar for that year.
8 - All of Waglula's other children are mentioned by various Lakota sources, in genealogy reports pertaining to Crazy Horse.
9 - Although in 1930 He-Dog gave his age as 92, he was actually only 86 at the time. The age discrepancies arise from converting moons to months, without also adding the extra two or three days to each moon.
Doing this would cause a person to think 13 years had gone by for every twelve years actually passed. So a man of 86 could think he was 92.
Misunderstanding He-Dog's interpreter (White Cow Killer), Eleanor Hinman thought He-Dog claimed to have been born in the Winter They Stole a Hundred Horses (1837), but He-Dog was actually talking about Hundred Horses Winter (1843).
10 - Mentioned on that year's Oglala Winter Count Calendar, at a time when Waglula was still known as Crazy Horse.
11 - That Lone Horn saved the lives of 14 Nez Perce raiders appears on more than one Lakota Winter Count.
12 - The real name of Augustine Lucia appears for the first time here. Other references most often refer to him as 'Lucienne Auguste' or 'August Lucien.' The correct spelling of his name was obtained by the author from Joe Whiting, a grandchild of the widow of Augustine Lucia.
13 - Details of the Grattan attack were reconstructed from numerous Lakota eyewitness accounts. Not a white man lived to tell of it.
14 - This is the incident that shows that Crazy Horse was under the age of twelve in 1854.
In those days, a boy was a man at thirteen. If (as Hinman suggests) Crazy Horse (and He-Dog) were born in the Winter-When-They-Stole- 100-Horses (1837), then Crazy Horse would have been seventeen years old at the time of his brief disappearance.
There seems no possibility that a father and cousin frantically searched for a full grown man of seventeen, especially a man of such advanced skills as Crazy Horse.
However, He-Dog did say something about a hundred horses, so he must have been talking about that other winter with 'hundred horses' in its name – Hundred-Horses-Winter (1843). For more details, see note nine.
15 - Spotted Tail was a Brule warrior raised by his grandparents. Having no parents to represent him as a child, Spotted Tail earned his fame from his outstanding personal qualities alone, with none of the customary childhood victory celebrations that normally marked a boy's accomplishments.
16 - This slow burning herb is mentioned in (and only in) Lame Deer: Seeker of Visions, by John Fire. The author tried unsuccessfully to learn the name of this herb.
17 - One story has it that Crazy Horse switched horses often because he quickly ran them to the ground. The tellers of this story are trying to convey that Crazy Horse was so tough, not even the horses could keep up with him.
But the storyteller misses the implied insult. The suggestion of animal abuse dishonors Crazy Horse.
By all accounts, Crazy Horse was a kind man, and a world-class horseman as well. Never was he known to cause unnecessary harm to an animal. More likely, he released his horses readily, before they had a chance to get worn out.
Remember: He could ride any horse.
18 - That Crazy Horse had a coyote for a pet as a teenager is mentioned in the book, To Kill an Eagle.
19 - In her memoir, Fanny Kelly describes the scene. Although she is unfamiliar with the man she is speaking to, the context makes it clear that the man is, in fact, Crazy Horse.
This incident also verifies the often-told story of how Crazy Horse accidentally killed a long-haired female warrior in battle.
From this, we can conclude that Crazy Horse killed the Omaha lady warrior in the fall of 1864.
20 - Two stories are told regarding a photo of Crazy Horse. Some Lakota people believe he never had his picture taken.
However, since his image has now been found, more likely true is the other story.
Some Lakota people maintain that Crazy Horse did have his picture taken, near Fort Laramie around 1872, and that Frank Grouard and Little Bat were with him at the time.
Alexander Gardner did photograph many Lakota Sioux people at that place and time.
21 - The 21-year-old clerk really did write those offensive names on the Crazy Horse surrender ledger. His motivations can only be inferred.
22 - There are numerous claims about the last words of Crazy Horse. Most of them are disrespectful fabrications by selfish opportunists with their own agendas.
Some contributors put lengthy political comments into the mouth of this great man. John Niehardt went as far as to have Crazy Horse deliver a rhyming speech while dying. Chances are that this man who nearly never spoke did not start speaking as he lay dying.
It seems most plausible that the last words of Crazy Horse were the ones put forth in this text (and others), supported by numerous Lakota sources.
WORD PRONUNCIATION MEANING
Adewayeki (AH-day-wa-YEK-ee) my father
Aguyapi (AH-goo-YAH-pee) bread
Apawi (ahn-PA-wee) sun
Caje (KAH-zjay) name
Cakahu (chahn-ka-HOO-en) backbone
Caksa (CHAHN-ksha) war club
Can (CHAHN) tree
Cekpapi (CHAYK-PA-pee) twin
Cekpa (CHAYK-pa) umbilical cord
Canupa (chah-NOON-pa) pipe
Egna (EG-na) among
Gi (GHEE) brown
Gleska (GLAY-ska) spotted
Ha (HA) yes
Hanhepiwi (HAHN-hay-PEE-wee) moon
Hau (HOW) hello
Hehaka (hey-HA-ka) elk
Hemblecha (hem-BLAY-cha) vision quest
Heyoka (hey-OH-ka) one who is funny
Hiya (HEE-ya) no
Hlala (HLA-la) rattle
Hopa (HO-pah) beautiful
Huhi (HOO-hee) slow
Inyan (EE-yahn) stone
Iktomi (eek-TOH-mee) spider
Ista (EESH-dah) eye
Itokagata (ee-DOH-ka-GAH-dahn) South
Itowapi (EE-doh-WA-pee) picture
Iyotake (EE-yo-DAH-kay) sit down
Kici (KEE-chee) with
Kola (KOH-la) friend
Lakota (La-KHO-ta) Sioux
Luta (LOO-dah) red
Ma (MAHN) medicine
Magazu (ma-GAH-zoo) rain
Mahpiya (mag-PEE-ya) cloud (or sky)
Makoce (mah-KOH-chay) earth
Makosica (mah-koh-SHEE-cha) badlands
Mapiha (ma-PEE-ghah) frog or toad
Matȟó (ma-TOH) bear
Mazawaka (MAH-za-wa-KAHN) gun
Mila (MEE-la) knife
Mitawa (mee-DAH-wa) my
Miye (MEE-yay) me
Mni (MNEE) water
Mniwaka (mnee-WAH-ka) whiskey
Nagi (NAH-ghee) soul
Nape (NAH-pay) hand
Ohako (oh-GHAHN-koh) fast
Olowa (oh-LO-wan) song
Owaci (oh-WAH-chee) dance
Oyate (oh-YAH-day) tribe
Paha (PAH-ha) hills
Pakeska (pahn-KAY-ska) shell
Pakite (pah-KEE-day) wipe
Peta (PAY-dah) fire
Sapa (SAH-pa) black
Siha (SEE-ha) hills
Sina (SHEE-na) blanket/shawl
Sinte (SEEN-day) tail
Ska (SKA) white
Suka (SHOON-ka) dog
Sukawaka (SHOON-ka-wa-KAHN) horse
Ta- (ta) prefix for a person
Talo (DAH-loh) meat
Tasina (ta-SHEENA) Lady with a blanket
Tasunka (ta-SHUNKA) Man with dog (or horse)
Tatanka (ta-TAHN-ka) buffalo bull
Tate (DAH-day) wind
Tatokala (DAHN-dohn-KA-la) antelope
Tipi (DEE-pee) house or home
Tipsila (deep-SEE-lah) wild white turnip
To (DOH) blue
Toka (DOH-ka) enemy
Tunkasila (toon-KAH-shee-la) The Universe
Uze (OOH-zay) buttocks
Wa (WAH) snow
Wabli (WAHN-blee) eagle
Waglula (wah-GLOO-la) earthworm
Waka (wah-KAHN) sacred
Wakalyapi (WA-ghal-YA-pee) coffee
Wakanga (wah-KAHN-ga) a cleansing herb
Wakatanka (WAH-kahn-TAHN-ka) God
Wakawaste (wah-KAHN-WASH-day) Saint
Wakiya (wah-KEE-yan) thunder
Wasicu (wah-SHEE-choo) Caucasian (derogatory)
Wasna (wazh-NA) pemmican
Waste (WASH-day) good
Wayúhi (wa-YOO-hee) brave
Waziyata (WAH-zjee-YA-dah) North
Wicasayatapi (wee-CHAH-sha-ya-TA-pee) Chief
Winkte (WINK-teh) man-woman
Witko (WEED-koh) enchanted
Wiya (WEE-yan) woman
Wiyohiyapata (wee-oh-HEE-ya-PAH-ta) East
Wiyohpeyata (wee-YOGH-pay-AH-ta) West
Wojapi (woh-ZJA-pee) cooked fruit
Woyute (woh-YOO-day) food
Yuki (YU-kee) white
Zi (ZEE) yellow
A Song for the Horse Nation: Horses in Native American Cultures; National Museum of the American Indian, 2006
Astonisher.com (100 Voices)
Black Elk Speaks; Black Elk, Nicholas (as told to John Neihardt); University of Nebraska Press, 1932
Black Elk: The Sacred Ways of a Lakota; Black Elk, Wallace (as told to William Lyon); Harper-Collins, 1990
Crazy Horse: A Lakota Life; Bray, Kingsley; University of Oklahoma Press, 2008.
Crazy Horse: Strange Man of the Oglalas; Sandoz, Mari; Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1942
FirstPeople.us (Native American portraits)
From Deep Woods to Civilization (Chapters in the Autobiography of an Indian); Eastman, Charles; University of Nebraska Press, 1916
Gospel of the Red Man: An Indian Bible (compiled essays); Seton, Ernest Thompson; Doubleday, 1936
Great Spirit: North American Indian Portraits (compiled photo images); McAndrews, Edward; Carl Mautz, Nevada City, 1998
Historic Indian Portraits; Rieske, Bill & Verla; Historic Indian Publishers, Salt Lake City, 1974
Memories of an Indian Boyhood; Eastman, Charles A., 1902
Lame Deer, Seeker of Visions; Lame Deer/John Fire, with Richard Erdoes; Simon & Schuster, 1972
Lewis & Clark Among the Indians (the Teton Confrontation); James P. Ronda; University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London, 1984
My People the Sioux; Standing Bear, Luther; HoughtonMifflin, 1928
My Indian Boyhood; Standing Bear, Luther; Luther Standing Bear, 1931
Narrative of My Captivity Among the Sioux Indians; Kelly, Fanny; Longmeadow Press, 1994 edition (Originally published in 1871).
NativeWeb.org Sitting Bull: His Life and Legacy; LaPointe, Ernie; Gibbs-Smith, 2009
The Crazy Horse Surrender Ledger; Edited by Thomas Buecker and R. Eli Paul; Nebraska State Historical Society, 1994
The Journey of Crazy Horse; Marshall, Joseph M. III; Penguin Books, 2005
The Killing of Chief Crazy Horse (compiled eyewitness accounts); Clark, Robert E; University of Nebraska Press, 1976
The Life and Adventures of Frank Grouard, Chief of Scouts, USA; deBarthe, Joe; Combe Printing Company, Saint Joseph, Missouri, 1894
The Death of Crazy Horse: A Tragic Episode in Lakota History; Hardorff, Richard; Bison Books, 2001
The Life and Death of Crazy Horse; Freedman, Russell; Scholastic Inc., 1996
The North American Indians in Early Photographs; Fleming, Paula Richardson and Judith Luskey; Calmann & King, London, 1986
The Soul of the Indian: An Interpretation; Eastman, Charles A., Houghton, 1911
To Kill An Eagle; Kadlecek, Edward; Johnson Books, Trade Paperback, Reprinted 2012
Voices of the American West, Volumes 1 and 2 (compiled eyewitness accounts); Ricker, Eli; University of Nebraska Press, 2005
War or Peace: The Anxious Wait for Crazy Horse; Oliver Knight; Nebraska History 54 (1973): 521-544
BOOKS BY THIS AUTHOR:
Crazy Horse Appearing
Every Body, Every Wear: The Illustrated Glossary of Fabric, Fashion and Style
ABODE: The Picture Dictionary of Home Construction and Residential Architecture
Yule Log: Noteworthy Events That Happened on Christmas Day
Portable Chess Coach (Cardoza Publishing, NYC, 2006)
OTHER WORKS BY THIS AUTHOR:
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Here are some Classic Short Stories from the public domain:
Told in the Drooling Ward, by Jack London
The Ransom of Red Chief, by O. Henry
The Tale of Peter Rabbit, by Beatrix Potter
Go here for selected Moral Stories.
See this page for Aesop's Fables, other short stories, printable poems, and more.
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